Peace, Security, Stability and Disarmament
Date(s) - 31/10/2022 - 02/11/2022( 8:00 am - 5:00 pm )
Location: Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur
To maintain international peace and security is the main purpose and reason of the United Nations (UN). From the dispatch of the first UN observers to the Middle East under UNTSO (UN Truce Supervision Organization) in the late 1940s to the deployment of UNAMID (African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur) in Sudan in 2007 and UNSM in Syria in 2012, the UN has been involved –directly or indirectly—in tens of peacekeeping operations. ia in 2012, the UN has been involved –directly or indirectly—in tens of peacekeeping operations. Limitations imposed on the UN peacekeeping capabilities during the Cold War because of the superpower rivalries were removed by the end of the era. Unprecedented cooperation among the Security Council members in the early 1990s resulting in the successful (first) Gulf War against aggressive Iraq and a number of humanitarian interventions in “failed” or “rogue” states raised the prospects of active UN peacekeeping role in the increasingly shrinking “global village.” By the end of the decade, however, the UN record in humanitarian interventions caused serious doubts about its institutional capacity to deal with the changing challenges of the peacekeeping. The U.S. unilateralism in its invasion of Iraq in March 2003 put the UN in a much more awkward position. The humanitarian crisis in Darfur, Sudan, and the inability of the international community to take effective measures against an oppressive regime in Syria has raised new questions about the viability of this international organization. Nonetheless, some positive achievements of the UN in peacekeeping in the past together with the grave need of the international community to act multilaterally to ensure peace and security in a world rife with civil strives and ethnic problems make the UN the only beacon of hope for the future. This training designed to give participants a better understanding of the peacekeeping role of the United Nations and the stability and disarmament.
By the end of the course participants are expected to:
- Have a better understanding of the UN in general and the peacekeeping role of various UN organs in particular.
- Appreciate the evolving nature of “peacekeeping” and the legal and ethical issues peacekeeping operations and humanitarian interventions entail.
- Know the background of the UN peacekeeping during the Cold War and a number of its major operations in the past two decades.
- Know the background of some major conflicts around the world requiring international intervention.
- Understand the role of regional organizations in peacekeeping.
- Have a better understanding of the factors contributing to the success/failure of peacekeeping operation.
- The United Nations System
- Introduction, UN forerunners and the UN: Origins and Charter
- The United Nations: Structure and functions
- The peacekeeping role of various UN organs
- “Peacekeeping” – Conceptual Aspects
- The changing concept of Peacekeeping
- Peacekeeping and IR theories
- Legal and ethical issues concerning peacekeeping/humanitarian intervention
- The Classical Model of Peacekeeping
- The origins of the UN peacekeeping operations: the Arab-Israeli conflict
- Peacekeeping during the Cold War – An overview
- UN and Humanitarian Intervention
- The case of Somalia
- The case of Rwanda
- The case of Bosnia
- The case of Kosovo
- UN and Peace-building
- The case of Liberia
- The case of Sierra Leone
- The case of Cambodia
- UN in East Timor
- Ending Indonesian occupation
- The UNTAET and peace-building
- UN in Afghanistan
- Soviet invasion and the UN Good-offices
- Post-Soviet efforts for peacemaking
- Post-Taliban efforts for peacemaking, peacekeeping and peace-building
- UN in the Arab world
- “Collective Security” against Iraqi aggression on Kuwait
- Sanctions, Inspections and “oil for food” programme
- March 2003 invasion of Iraq and aftermaths
- UN and Future Challenges
- Regional organizations and peacekeeping – an overview
- Regional organizations and peacekeeping – the case of Darfur
- Assessment of successes and failures – lessons learned
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